I skipped a couple days ahead in the Treasury of Daily Prayer to a devotional reading for December 13 (pages 1008–1012). It happens to include some of my favorite scripture readings and hymn, and highlights the Commemoriation of Lucia martyred in AD 304. The name Lucia means “light” and this devotion has depth and thoughtfulness that brings light to the connection between Adam and Eve with Mary and Joseph. It is great to be repeated throughout Advent. Enjoy!
From Treasury of Daily Prayer © 2008 Concordia Publishing House. Used with permission. www.cph.org.
13 December — Lucia, Martyr
Psalmody: Psalm 89:20–29. Additional Psalm: Psalm 143
Old Testament Reading: Isaiah 29:15–30:14
New Testament Reading: Revelation 1:1–20
Luke points out that the pedigree which traces the generation of our Lord back to Adam contains seventy-two generations, connecting the end with the beginning, and implying that it is He who has summed up in Himself all nations dispersed from Adam downward and all languages and generations of men, together with Adam himself. Hence also was Adam himself termed by Paul “the figure of Him that was to come,” because the Word, the Maker of all things, had formed beforehand for Himself the future dispensation of the human race, connected with the Son of God; God having predestined that the first man should be of an animal nature, with this view, that he might be saved by the spiritual One. . . . In accordance with this design, Mary the Virgin is found obedient, saying, “Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me according to Your word.” But Eve was disobedient; for she did not obey when as yet she was a virgin. And even as she, having indeed a husband, Adam, but being nevertheless as yet a virgin . . . having become disobedient, was made the cause of death, both to herself and to the entire human race; so also did Mary, having a man betrothed [to her], and being nevertheless a virgin, by yielding obedience, become the cause of salvation, both to herself and the whole human race. . . . For the Lord, having been born “the First-begotten of the dead,” and receiving into His bosom the ancient fathers, has regenerated them into the life of God, He having been made Himself the beginning of those that live, as Adam became the beginning of those who die. Wherefore also Luke, commencing the genealogy with the Lord, carried it back to Adam, indicating that it was He who regenerated them into the Gospel of life, and not they Him. And thus also it was that the knot of Eve’s disobedience was loosed by the obedience of Mary. For what the virgin Eve had bound fast through unbelief, this did the virgin Mary set free through faith. —Irenaeus of Lyons
Of the Father’s love begotten
Ere the worlds began to be,
He is Alpha and Omega,
He the source, the ending He,
Of the things that are, that have been,
And that future years shall see
Evermore and evermore.
— Of the Father’s Love Begotten (LSB 384:1)
Prayer of the Day
O Almighty God, by whose grace and power Your holy martyr Lucia triumphed over suffering and remained ever faithful unto death, grant us, who now remember her with thanksgiving, to be so true in our witness to You in this world that we may receive with her new eyes without tears and the crown of light and life; through Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. (1126)
One of the victims of the great persecution of Christians under the Roman emperor Diocletian, Lucia met her death at Syracuse on the island of Sicily in AD 304. Known for her charity, “Santa Lucia” (as she is called in Italy) gave away her dowry and remained a virgin until her execution by the sword. The name Lucia means “light,” and, because of that, festivals of light commemorating her became popular throughout Europe, especially in the Scandinavian countries. There her feast day corresponds with the time of year when there is the least amount of daylight. In artistic expression, Lucia is often portrayed in a white baptismal gown, wearing a wreath of candles on her head.
Suggested Reading from the Book of Concord: Large Catechism, pages 103–111
November 17, 2013, St. John Lutheran Church, New Minden, Illinois (pastored ably and faithfully now for nearly 26 years by Rev. Timothy P. Mueller) was struck by a tornado for the third time in its history.
Several homes of members across the street were also destroyed. No congregation members were killed, but two people in the community, who had been visited by Pastor Mueller, lost their lives. Both Pastor and people are bringing God’s comfort and peace to family members and to many others.
Some years ago, for the 150th Anniversary of St. John’s in 1996, Pastor Timothy Mueller edited a history of the congregation, which of course included descriptions of the previous two tornados – May 27, 1896, the same day as “The Great St. Louis Cyclone,” which killed hundreds, and again on June 7, 1907. When St. John’s was hit for the third time in its history, we remembered a dedicatory prayer included in the history, a prayer written by the then pastor of St. John’s, Rev. Emmanuel Koestering, for the occasion of the dedication of the renovated church on November 10, 1907. See especially how the prayer strikes a note of humble dependence on the grace of God, submitting to God’s chastening, yet trusting His mercy in Christ and holding God to His promises:
O Lord God, Father, Son and Holy Ghost, unsearchable in the unity of Your essence and the trinity of Your persons, and at the same time incomprehensible in the judgments and ways in which You deal with Your children on earth! In deepest humility and veneration we appear for the first time in our renovated house of God before Your holy face. You have permitted us to experience Your judgments out of Your mighty hand. Twice You have spoken to us by means of storm and weather. Twice You have placed members of this congregation suddenly in the dust of death and have left behind deeply wounded and bleeding hearts. Twice You have allowed this Congregation to weep upon the ruins of their church. Deeply You have humbled us before our brethren in the faith and before the mocking world, as if we were great sinners more than others and not Your dear and precious children on whom You bestow Your hearty and good pleasure for the sake of Your dear Son, in whom we believe and who is the joy and comfort of our hearts at all times. But, dear heavenly Father, although we humbly confess to be great sinners before You who have deserved all Your temporal and eternal punishments, yet Your faithful Word stands before us as a brightly shining sun: “Whom I love, him I chasten” (Hebrews 12:6). And we believe firmly without any doubts, that You have visited us, not in Your wrath but in Your fatherly love and grace and through Your faithful sufferer Job You do call to us: “Behold, happy is the man whom God corrects; therefore do not despise the chastening of the Almighty. For He bruises, but He builds up; He wounds but His hands make whole. He shall deliver you in six troubles, yes, in seven no evil shall touch you” (Job 5:17-19). And You have permitted us to experience the truth of this word now. Yes, You have not only struck and wounded us, but Your faithful and merciful hand as Savior has again raised us up, healed us, and filled our hearts with peace and joy in the Holy Ghost. We have been able to kiss Your chastening hand because we recognize and believe, as You have convinced us, that Your eternal grace and mercy lead us through the sorrow of death to heavenly joy, and from deep outrage to the heavenly crown of glory. See, dear Father, for that reason we appear before You today with joyous praise and thanks to Your divine name in our newly given House of God and confess from the bottom of our heart: This is the Day the Lord has made for us. “O give thanks unto the Lord, for He is good” (Psalm 136:1). You have done great things for us. We rejoice in it. O Lord, help! O Lord, let it turn out well for us! But we ask now, Lord God, Father, You, the Lord of our life, abide with us; it is almost nighttime, the day of this world is declining, its end is coming near. The Judge is at the door. O abide with us with Your grace, with Your Spirit, with Your comfort! Protect this precious house of God and retain in it Your pure Word for us. May Your Word ever be our heart’s rejoicing and comfort! May we, like the wise bridesmaids, watch and pray with patience and good works, seek after eternal life, and be clothed with the garments of the righteousness of Your dear Son Jesus Christ, that when our hour comes or You appear in the clouds of heaven for the final judgment, we be found worthy to stand at Your right in the shining forth of Your eternal glory and may hear the most blessed greeting: “Come unto Me, you blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for You. O pious and faithful servants and maids, come, enter upon the eternal joy of Your Lord!” (see Matthew 25:34). Amen, may it be true for us all. Hallelujah! Amen. Amen (from a 1921 History of St. John Lutheran Church, New Minden, Illinois, quoted in Our God, Our Help in Ages Past: 150 Years of Documents, Pictures and Other Tokens of God’s Blessings upon St. John’s Lutheran Congregation, New Minden, Illinois, edited by Pastor Timothy P. Mueller, published by St. John’s, New Minden, Illinois, 1996).
+ Herbert C. Mueller
On November 22, 2013, a Federal District Court in Wisconsin held that the clergy housing allowance is unconstitutional. Specifically, the judge entered an Order and Opinion declaring 26 U.S.C. Section 107(2) unenforceable because it violates the First and Fifth Amendments to the United States Constitution. The judge entered an order enjoining the IRS from enforcing the provision but provided that the injunction will not be effective until all appeals have been concluded or the deadline for filing an appeal has expired, whichever comes later.
This Order and Opinion most certainly will be appealed, and we expect voluminous amicus briefs to be filed in support of a reversal of the decision. For this reason the Opinion will have no immediate impact and will not be effective until all appeals have been exhausted.
Synod General Counsel has been monitoring this case and earlier similar cases for many years and has been reporting on the issue to the LCMS Board of Directors.
Given the recent release of the court’s ruling, church bodies, religious organizations, and legal counsel are assessing the options for response and the potential impact of this ruling. We will provide updated information as it becomes available.
Ronald P. Schultz,
Chief Administrative Officer
The Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod
In a deeply personal narrative, the Rev. Steve Schave, associate executive director, LCMS Office of International Mission, offers a powerful witness to the calling we have as children of God to proclaim the Gospel and share the hope that we have in Christ Jesus, particularly in the face of a devastating event. Schave recently returned from a week in the Philippines, where he served as a member of the LCMS advance disaster response team responding to a call for assistance from our partner church, the Lutheran Church in the Philippines, in the wake of Typhoon Haiyan. Below is that narrative.
Mud, blood, tears . . . and hope.
I have served as an inner city pastor acquainted with crime and violence. I have served as a hospital chaplain familiar with trauma and death. I have served as a prison minister experiencing some pretty rough criminal elements. I have also served as a disaster relief coordinator witnessing devastation and grief. But nothing could have prepared me for what I would witness in the Philippines. The chaos, the mourning, the whole-scale destruction and desperate need. I went to represent our Synod, to offer our support and concern to our partner church there and to ensure smooth operations were maintained with our Manila office, our missionaries from the Asia Pacific region and our Mercy Operations team. I thought our team might be the equivalent of a knight in shining armor coming to the rescue. But once we found ourselves in the areas that were affected the most, surrounded by endless cries for help and insurmountable unmet basic needs, all I could feel was empathy . . . and pure, unadulterated helplessness.
Surely I would be a changed man, fully aware of the weakness of our human frailty. When I sit at the dinner table, will the memory of a family kitchen turned watery grave be etched in my memory? When I embrace my children upon my return, will I hear the echoes of the father’s account of his children being snatched from his arms by wind and wave? When I walk down the halls of my kids’ school, will I see the faces of hundreds of beautiful children who lined the streets with their hands out begging for food to survive? Will I ever forget the smell of death that enveloped me, the sights of family members sifting through rubble to find the ones they love and the body bags placed on the curb among the debris to be taken away? Can I process the sheer force with which the inescapable beauty of a garden paradise was now covered by a thick layer of the deadly effect of sin, where so many were still reeling from the effects of a recent earthquake? Filled with images of God’s wrath and judgment, with doubts and fears, they were left to ask, “Why”? So much suffering: where to begin in this land of mud, blood and tears? A whole island ravaged: where to begin?
Where else can we begin . . . but the cross? The place where God meets us in our suffering and sorrow. In unspeakable grief and indescribable devastation, we find the mercy of God in His Son, the crucified Christ. At the place of the skull on Mt. Calvary, a hill covered in mud, blood, sweat and tears, the anchor of God’s grace was dropped into the depths of hell and death. Even as I stood at what can only be described as the gates of hell, I could walk through the valley of the shadow of death and fear no evil.
A young man approached me as I stood at ground zero of Typhoon Yolanda (where they were still recovering bodies after 10 days with no end in sight). Seeing my clerical shirt and the crucifix that draped my neck, he asked me if I was a priest. I explained that I was a Lutheran pastor. Knowing then that I was one of Christ’s men, he asked, “Sir, would you come and pray for my dead.” I asked for the baptismal names of the three deceased family members, and while not expecting to be in this situation, I quickly turned to the end of the Commendation of the Dying in the Pastoral Care Companion that I had in hand. In this liturgy was a prayer of baptism, redemption, resurrection and a return to the garden paradise in a new creation restored. In this liturgy is the beautiful Nunc Dimittis that we so often sing after communion along with saints and angels. With it we announce to the world and the devil himself that we have received Christ’s body and blood, and we have seen our salvation and are ready to depart from this world in peace. We await the great reunion that is to come with all those who died in the faith before us. Those whom, even though it might seem they slipped through our fingers, we will once again embrace.
At one of the churches we visited, the nearby residents took refuge beneath the altar when the storms hit. Indeed, when we find our refuge at the altar, there is no tempest or whirlwind that can sweep us away because our hope is anchored in Christ. In Him alone are we ready to face the Son of Justice who sits on the throne of judgment. On Good Friday, the earth shook and the waters poured, as Christ bore the full wrath of God against sin. As a result, we can stand at the gates of death and hell, but they will not prevail. We will storm the gates, bringing Christ with us.
So here we find our place to begin on a ravaged island with that which is in most scarce supply — hope. Working with our missionaries, our church partners and our disaster response team, we will give not only shelter, food and water, but the water that gives eternal life — water that allows us to never thirst. We will give the food and drink that offer forgiveness, life and salvation that we would hunger no more. We will give shelter that is not only temporary, but an eternal dwelling place. We will give the Good News of Christ crucified and risen again and the message of how God can use all things for good. Yes, this may have been the strongest recorded typhoon in which 7 feet of water passed through the streets in front of one of our partner churches, carrying homes and bodies, but when the Word of God is attached to the water of Baptism, there is no stronger force on this earth. With all the strength of Noah’s flood or the walls of the parted Red Sea that came crashing down, the water of Baptism drowns our sinful nature and rescues us from death and the devil. It connects us to Christ’s death and resurrection, so that like Lazarus, Christ will one day call us from our tombs; the smell of death will no longer be able to cling to us, but only the sweet aroma of eternal life.
Let there be no doubt, brothers and sisters in Christ, there is hope in the Philippines. We saw it in the smiling faces of the brothers and sisters in the faith who were there. We heard it when they spoke of how God gave His only Son, and if that was all they had, it would be enough. We shared in it when we sat at their tables, and they gave to us from what little they had. We participated in it as we gathered together around God’s Word. There is hope, and you, too, can be a part of it. You can help your Synod to work with the Lutheran Church in the Philippines to pick up the pieces of so many shattered lives and lost livelihoods. With the right team in place, your Synod was able to get to the most affected areas bringing the most needed resources and spiritual care to our brothers and sisters in the Philippines. This is what the body of Christ does–it bears one another’s burdens, it suffers together, it brings relief and it comforts. This is what God does–He turns panic into fervent hope, and He turns chaos, violence and danger into order, peace and safety. Yes, even from out of death, God brings new life in the most storm-torn nation . . . AND YOU CAN HELP.
Prayerfully consider joining with your baptized brothers and sisters in Christ to share the baptized hope that is in Christ Jesus. You can make a Giving Tuesday (Dec. 3) gift to the LCMS Global Mission fund at http://www.lcms.org/givenow/givingtuesday. To share hope with typhoon victims in the Philippines or tornado victims in Illinois, visit www.lcms.org/disaster. Together as the Synod, we can make a difference.
— Rev. Steve Schave
In the cathedral in Cambridge, England, the cushion of a kneeler has embroidered on it (so I have been told) just two words: “Think…Thank.” Etymologically, the two words are said to originate from the same root word, which comes as no surprise. It’s just what we do. When something causes us stop to think, we also stop to thank, also amid unlikely circumstances.
We saw this again a week ago after the 85 tornados devastated parts of the Midwest. Even as residents of communities struck by the storms dug themselves out of the rubble of their former blessings and began to think about their considerable losses, how often their thoughts focused on their remaining blessings and turned to giving thanks. It’s what we do, especially as Christians.
Perhaps the greatest example of that kind of thanksgiving will be before us this Friday as our liturgical calendar calls for the “Commemoration of Noah.” After surviving the most horrific storm and devastating losses imaginable, Noah immediately built an altar and gave thanks to God that he and his family were spared. He couldn’t help but “Think…Thank.”
Calamity is not a requirement, of course. A family gathering with turkey and all the trimmings can also serve as an opportunity to think about the wisdom of Paul’s words to the Corinthians: “What hast thou that thou didst not receive?” (1 Cor. 4:7). “Think…Thank.”