The Lutheran Church-Hong Kong Synod Visit
From May 22-24, I had the opportunity to visit with Dr. Alan Yung, President of the The Lutheran Church-Hong Kong Synod. The Hong Kong Synod has roots back to the Missouri Synod’s mission work in China which began in 1915. A brief history of work in Hong Kong from the Hong Kong Synod’s website:
In 1915, the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod sent missionaries to China. They preached the gospel along Changjiang in Hubei and Sichuan. The Lutheran Church -Missouri Synod, HK & Macau Mission was established at that time. In 1949, the missionaries planned to return to the United States, but when they saw so many refugees in Hong Kong, they decided to stay. They started evangelical work in Hong Kong, and later established the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod Hong Kong Mission.
In the beginning, the missionaries set up shelters for worship in Tiu Keng Leng. They also started a Bible School in order to train people for God’s service. Then they rented a place in Kowloon and established the first synodical congregation. At that time, services were conducted in Mandarin and Cantonese. Through evangelizing on the street, visiting patients in hospitals and organizing Bible classes, the church grew rapidly and more congregations were set up.
In 1953, the first synodical school was founded. The Synod started many secondary schools, primary schools and kindergartens from the 1960s onwards. The schools also became bases of evangelical activities. Many churches and mission stations held their meetings in schools.
The Synod has been serving the public ever since giving assistance to the refugees in the 1950’s. In 1977, Lutheran Social Service was set up. The church gradually changed from a mission station to an independent local church and registered as Lutheran Church–Hong Kong Synod. It then became a“partner church”of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod of the United States.
From then on, the Synod continued to develop in the areas of evangelism, education and social service. To date, there are congregations totalling over 8000; 34 churches, 8 mission stations; 40 schools with over 1000 staff and more than 22,000 students; 43 social service units.
President Alan Yung presents the Christian Divine Agenda for the Hong Kong Synod. Much of the liturgy is based upon Missouri Synod resources, however, some portions have been contextualized for Hong Kong. For instance, the Christian Divine Agenda has a rite for the removal of idols from a family’s home or from a place.
A special thanks to Dr. Steven Oliver, who translated and summarized the Idol Removal Ceremony as follows:
The Idol Removal Ceremony begins with instructions about making sure that approval for removing them is obtained from the legal owners, that nothing illegal be done, and that Christian symbols may be put in place of the idols as long as they are not regarded as idols or as divine objects with magical powers.
Confession of Sins (esp. against the First Commandment in regard to idol worship)
Luke 19:1-10 (emphasizing “Salvation has come to this his home”)
Hymn: “God Builds Up The City Walls of Protection for His People”
Responsive Reading of Psalm 117 (about the differences between idols of the Gentile and Yahweh)
Scripture Reading (many from which to choose, all of which mention idols)
Sermonette (from Scripture reading and directed to the particular situation)
Prayer – any and all evil spirits or power connected with the idol(s) are rebuked and cast out along with Satan in this prayer, and invocation to the Triune God to dwell in, save and protect the home is made.
Response to this Prayer: “Almighty God, protect us and use us. Amen.”
Removal: at this point, the Christians confidently remove all idols and accompanying objects, knowing that these are all powerless against you.
Prayers & Hymns of praise, salvation and thanks are offered
The next rite after the Idol Removal Ceremony is for an exorcism.
Until recently, those of us living in the United States have not had the consider the possibility that people joining our churches might literally have idols in their home that they worship. Yet in many Asian countries and even in Africa, it is not uncommon for a family home to have a family altar with idols. When a person becomes a Christian and is baptized, what to do with the idols in the home? So in these contexts, the church has a rite to remove the idols from the home. As the population of the United States continues to change, situations formerly encountered only on the mission field may become more common for our pastors.
A photo of Victoria Harbor in Hong Kong.
— Rev. Dr. Albert B. Collver, Director of Church Relations
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